Glarner, Fritz

Fritz Glarner was a Swiss-American painter. He was a leading proponent of so-called 'Concrete Art', an artists' movement whose roots lead back to the painters of De Stijl and the principles of the Bauhaus. He was strongly influenced by Mondrian's theories of "dynamic symmetry." As he developed as an artist, starting in his early years to follow a path of abstraction rather than realism, his works began to be increasingly influenced by Mondrian.

Glarner took up Mondrian's motif of arranging simplified colors and forms on an architectural pattern.  and introduced a diagonal into the strict horizontal and vertical geometric aesthetic of Mondrian, creating new, yet equally systematic principles of composition that he termed "relational painting."

Like Mondrian, Glarner limited his color palette to the primaries, red, yellow and blue. He expanded Mondrian's black "line" into a broad range of greys, used both as line and, like the primaries, as geometric areas of color. Many of his works are tondos, his signature relational principles ordered within a circle. Glarner's additions and alterations in structure and color to the Mondrian style gave his works a vitality and spatial dimensions.

He died in 1972.

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